Hydrogen Refuelling Station

Progress in Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS): Accelerating Sustainable Mobility in Europe


In the context of Europe’s ambitious sustainability goals and the need to reduce carbon emissions from the transport sector, hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) have emerged as a promising solution. At the heart of this transition is the Hydrogen Refuelling Station (HRS), a key infrastructure component that is crucial for realising Europe’s vision of a sustainable and clean transport future. Here we summarise the importance of the HRS in the European context, examining recent technological advances and the role of the HRS in promoting the widespread deployment of hydrogen fuel cell technology.

Infrastructure development in Europe:

Europe’s commitment to a green future is reflected in the strategic development of a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure, with a focus on establishing a robust network of HRS. Recognising the key role of HRS in supporting the growing fleet of hydrogen-powered vehicles, European countries have made a concerted effort to establish an extensive and interconnected HRS network. Initiatives such as the European Hydrogen Backbone project exemplify the commitment to cross-border cooperation, ensuring seamless travel for hydrogen-powered vehicles across the continent.

Technological innovations in HRS:

Recent advances in HRS technology emphasise efficiency, safety and environmental sustainability. The integration of the latest compression technologies not only improves energy efficiency, but is also in line with Europe’s commitment to energy transition. Material innovations in storage and dispensing systems ensure reliability, reduced maintenance and compliance with stringent European safety standards.

Mobile hydrogen refuelling stations (mHRS) provide a dynamic solution to increase the flexibility and accessibility of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure, particularly for events, testing and early deployment. Recognising the need to address geographical variations and temporary peaks in demand, stakeholders are increasingly exploring the use of mHRS. These units, such as those mounted on steel plates, trucks or trailers, can be strategically positioned to meet temporary needs or in regions where the establishment of a permanent HRS may be economically challenging. Mobile stations play a crucial role in supporting events, emergency response scenarios or facilitating the temporary needs of emerging hydrogen corridors.

Europe is also at the forefront of implementing intelligent HRS management systems. Using the Internet of Things (IoT), these systems optimise hydrogen production, storage and distribution processes. Real-time monitoring and data analysis contribute to predictive maintenance, ensuring high reliability and availability of the HRS infrastructure.

Economic viability and European consumer acceptance:

The economic viability of the hydrogen industry is a key concern in Europe, where sustainable solutions must be economically competitive. Advances in HRS design and deployment are helping to reduce costs, making hydrogen a compelling alternative to traditional fuels. As Europe expands its hydrogen infrastructure, the cost of hydrogen production and distribution is expected to decrease, in line with the region’s commitment to promoting a circular and green economy.

To deliver the right HRS solutions to the market, we are working with a range of technology providers and closely monitoring market supply and demand, combining information from logistics operators, vehicle manufacturers, regulators and technology providers.

Both compressed gaseous and cryogenic liquid hydrogen are considered viable options, each with its own place in the market. For compressed hydrogen, we are obviously analysing the need for different pressures, typically between 350 and 900 bar at the dispenser. For the safe and cost-effective transport, storage and distribution of hydrogen, we are sourcing to offer different solutions for tube trailer operations.


HRS is a catalyst for zero-emission mobility, in line with Europe’s commitment to environmental protection and climate change mitigation. Ongoing advances in HRS technology, combined with collaborative deployment strategies, underline Europe’s commitment to building a resilient hydrogen infrastructure. As the HRS network expands across the continent, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are poised to play a transformative role in achieving Europe’s vision for a carbon-neutral and sustainable transport future.

At Hy5, we are ready to roll out a network of HRS, directly or remotely connected to our hydrogen production projects, forming a connected corridor that will allow mobility operators to transition from fossil fuel to zero emission hydrogen mobility. Why wait?